The Ultimate Cheat Sheet on the Order of Pizza Ingredients

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Are you wondering what is the correct order of ingredients when making pizza? 

Don’t worry; you are not alone. 

This question is common among beginner pizza makers and a constant debate between chefs and pizza enthusiasts worldwide who argue about the “correct order.” 

But does such a thing exist? 

Does it matter if you put the cheese first? Or is it an “anything goes” kind of thing?

Today, we will go over the recommended and standard sequence of pizza ingredients for the most common pizzas.

So, let’s get started!

What is the Order of Pizza Ingredients?

The truth is, the order of pizza ingredients differs per recipe or pizza style. 

The pizza’s basic structure contains the main categories: the crust, sauce, cheese, and of course, the toppings. 

In the past six decades, pizzas all over the globe have used variations. The essential ingredients always remain, with chefs adding their twist to the combinations.

While the order of pizza ingredients changes per recipe, the usual order has the tomato sauce on top of the dough. The cheese follows, with the toppings coming in last. 

This order gives the cheese enough heat to bubble and have a nice brownish color. The toppings also get direct heat, achieving a crispy and flavorful texture.

Steps to Build Your Pizza

1- Start with the Pizza Crust

The dough serves as the base for all other ingredients. Make sure you use pizza dough that fits your pizza style, as different types of flour produce different results.

2- Add the Sauce

The sauce goes next. Pay close attention to the fluidity of the sauce, as you do not want to choose a watered-down one. 

Although tomato is the most common pizza sauce, you can use many other types of sauces these days.

Spreading Sauce to Homemade Pizza
Spreading Sauce to Homemade Pizza

A sauce that is too watery can change the consistency of your dough. If you want to distribute your toppings evenly across the pizza, use a thicker sauce.

Pro Tip

Using a circular motion, spread the sauce from the center of the crust outward, leaving 1/2 inch of the edge without sauce.

 3- Add the Cheese 

After the sauce, the cheese comes next. It is the most common topping in modern pizzas. Some low-cost pizzas even use cheese as the only topping. 

Although the popular ones include Mozzarella, Parmesan, and Cheddar, you can use any cheese.

Cheese is rich in calcium and sodium, but it also has a lot of fat. You may want to check your options, especially if you want to make a low-fat pizza. 

Adding Cheese to Homemade Pizza
Adding Cheese to Homemade Pizza

Remember that your guests or customers may wish for a low-fat or vegan variant, so explore other types of cheese as well.

Also, watch the amount of cheese you put after the sauce. You do not want to go overboard and overpower the other toppings.

Order of Pizza Ingredients Cheat Sheet Infographic

4- Add the Toppings

When placing toppings on your pizza, there is often an order to follow for specific recipes. They are commonly placed on the cheese because they add moisture and composition to the toppings. 

Typical vegetable toppings include tomatoes, mushrooms, onions, and olives. Meat toppings often include bacon, ham, and chicken.

Placing Pepperoni on pizza
Top your pizza with your favorite toppings

Seafood toppings, such as shrimps and salmon, are also seen in some recipes. 

You may also experiment, adding other uncommon toppings like marshmallows and bananas. Of course, these are often for the more adventurous types! 

If you are new to baking pizzas, it is best to go with the staples.

As for the order of the toppings, it depends. All-meat pizzas require you to place the meat on top of the cheese. 

As for garden pizzas, the vegetables cook better when placed under a cheese coating.

5-Add the Finishing Cheese

This step is optional, but a finishing cheese gives the pizza the extra kick.

After putting your meat or vegetable toppings, it helps to have an additional layer of cheese. 

Some good choices for finishing cheese include parmesan and pecorino. 

Lightly coat the pizza with grated cheese, and then proceed to the next step.

6- Add a Garnish

When you are satisfied with the other toppings, you can add some garnish to finish the pizza. 

Most people put basil, mint leaves, and other leafy greens. 

Go for garnish that will complement your pizza’s toppings without changing the taste too much.

We love to add a finishing salt and/or truffle oil.

Pro Tip

Do not load the center of the pizza with toppings. The ingredients should be spread evenly over the pizza to ensure the proper portion of toppings on every slice.

The most significant benefit of this pizza order is the ensured texture and flavor. You improve the taste of the toppings by prioritizing some ingredients first. 

For example, putting the cheese and toppings in this order will ensure perfectly cooked toppings. They will change in appearance, giving them a slightly roasted color resulting in a better flavor and texture.

This order also makes for a presentable pizza. The toppings coming in last will make it more pleasing to the eye. 

That way, people can see what is on the pizza. It allows them to get excited to take a bite. 

On the flip side, burying all the toppings under cheese will prevent them from visualizing the taste.

The toppings being last also adds color to the pizza. A colorful pizza will be eye-catching and can attract more people. 

It also looks better in photos if you are the type to post-baking pictures on Instagram. Or maybe you want to show your family and friends what you made!

 But besides looking better, the recommended order prevents the different ingredients from getting mushy. 

Toppings buried under cheese will get too much heat, leading to a soggy texture. This effect happens because of rapid heating, which leads to steaming.

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And like all things, this order isn’t perfect either. For one thing, putting the tomato sauce directly on the dough can also make it soggy. 

The dough can absorb too much water, leading to a stale and less crispy pizza.

But do not fret. You can quickly solve this. To avoid a soggy crust, you can add sliced cheese on the base. 

After this, you can pour your sauce. The sauce will be easier to apply on the slices instead of the dough. Then, you can proceed as usual with the meat and vegetable toppings.

If you still want an attractive cheese finish, you can add grated Pecorino or Parmesan cheese. You can add these finishings after the pizza finishes in the oven. You can also add some leaf greens for garnish.

What if My Pizza is Unique?

Not every pizza is the same. You may be a more adventurous chef, choosing to experiment with different flavors. 

Some pizzas have cheese on top first. These include Sicilian-style pizzas, which have cheese on top of the dough. The sauce follows before the toppings round out the recipe.

Sicilian pizzas are ordinary in Massachusetts, New York, and Illinois. Chefs that follow this style note that the crust crisps better without the sauce on top.

A Chicago-style deep dish pizza also has the cheese before the sauce, making for a distinct and crispy taste.

How Many Toppings and How Much Should I Add to the Pizza?

How Many Toppings on My Pizza?

In terms of how many, it is up to you and the topping combination that you would like to have on your pizza. However, we do recommend not to overdo the toppings as they add a lot of weight to the pizza and if you have too many your pizza will take longer to cook and some of the toppings may not be cooked properly.

How Much of Each Topping on My Pizza?

Please find our recommended amounts of pizza toppings per pizza size in the below table:

Recommended Amounts of Pizza Toppings

Pizza SizeSauceCheesePepperoniMeatsVegetablesTop Cheese
Personal 7″1.5oz2oz8 Slices2oz1 – 2oz.5oz
Small 10″2oz3oz16 Slices3oz2 – 3oz1oz
Medium 12″4oz6oz20 Slices4oz3 – 5oz1oz
Large 14″5oz8oz32 Slices5oz5 – 7oz1oz
X-Large 16″6oz10oz40 Slices6oz6 – 10oz2oz

What Else Do I Need to Remember About Toppings?

When topping your pizzas, think about the final product. How will these ingredients cook inside the oven? 

The oven used to bake pizzas is very hot, cooking food items rapidly. This heat can damage some of your toppings.

If your ingredients cook very quickly, putting them under a cheese coating makes more sense, protecting them from too much oven heat. 

After all, nobody wants to eat burnt toppings. These make the pizza taste better, so ruining them is not something you like.

Make sure to ask yourself questions about the meat or vegetables. Would they quickly burn if I placed them on top? 

Do I want them soft or crunchy? You also want to make sure to consider any allergies among family or friends.

The last thing you want is someone getting sick because of seafood or nuts.

Remember that when putting toppings on pizzas, those that burn quickly go under cheese. Those that need more heat should be on top. 

An alternative is cooking the toppings first before putting them on the pizza. Although this method can take longer, it provides better moisture to the toppings. 

For example, mushrooms should always be pre-cooked due to the high amount of water they contain.

If you decide to cook your toppings first, they go on top of the cheese.

The Last Slice

The order of the pizza ingredients depends on you. If you want to follow the recommended order, you must account for your toppings. 

Carefully weigh each ingredient’s placement by thinking of the final product. You do not want a burnt or soggy pizza.

Although it is usually advisable to put the sauce first, there are some exceptions. 

Sicilian style or Chicago deep dish pizzas have the cheese first, creating a crispier crust. You also want to think of toppings that burn easily. Those must go under the cheese for heat protection.

Make sure to visualize how the pizza will come out of the oven. Will it still be attractive if the cheese covers the pizza? 

Or should you put all the meat and vegetables on top? You will know the answer to these questions based on time and personal preferences. 

Do not be afraid to experiment.

All famous pizzerias have their principles in ordering pizza ingredients. But you also have to account for what works for you. You might even come up with a distinct order, a trademark recipe that will last generations!

Whatever the case may be, remember to take your time while baking. Classics do not pop by in a flash. 

Along with a perfectly made pizza, it takes a lot of dedication to come up with the perfect order for you!


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